The Paris Agreement is a historic milestone in global efforts to address climate change. It was adopted on December 12, 2015, at the 21st Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The Agreement is designed to accelerate and intensify the actions and investments needed for a sustainable low carbon future.
The Paris Agreement sets out a long-term objective of keeping the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C. This is a major shift from the previous target of limiting the increase to 2°C. This ambitious target is necessary to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, such as extreme weather events, rising sea levels, and food and water insecurity.
The Agreement also aims to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change, including through financial and technical support for developing countries. This support is critical to ensure that vulnerable countries and communities are able to adapt to the impacts of climate change and to transition to a low-carbon future.
Another important aspect of the Paris Agreement is the commitment to regular review and reporting of progress towards the long-term goal. Parties are required to submit nationally determined contributions (NDCs) every five years, outlining their emission reduction targets and plans for achieving them. These NDCs will be reviewed and updated every five years, with the aim of increasing ambition over time.
The Paris Agreement also includes provisions for transparency and accountability. Parties are required to regularly report on their emissions and progress towards their NDCs. This will enable tracking of progress towards the long-term goal and help to build trust between countries.
Overall, the Paris Agreement represents a landmark achievement in the global effort to address climate change. It provides a clear roadmap for action and a platform for cooperation between countries. While there is still much work to be done, the Agreement provides hope that we can mitigate the worst impacts of climate change and create a more sustainable and equitable future for all.